Đề thi IELTS Writing task 2 – 14/11/2015 – The consumption of the world’s resources


The consumption of the world’s resources (oil, and water etc.) is increasing at a dangerous rate. What are causes and solutions?

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The overconsumption of natural resources has evolved as a major topic of concern in recent years. This alarming trend is caused by a few factors, and it must be addressed by a number of definite actions.

The increasingly high level of exploitation of natural resources could be ascribed to a number of reasons. The most obvious reason is the tremendous demand for resources in developing countries, such as China and Brazil. The citizens of these countries are becoming increasingly wealthy, and they may now afford a living standard that is associated with a higher level of resource consumption. A clear example of this is the widespread use of cars among tens of millions of middle-income Chinese nationals, which may have contributed substantially to the burning of oil on a global scale. Besides, the over-dependence on natural resources, such as fossil fuels, is another significant reason to consider. In Vietnam, for example, the majority of electricity is generated in thermal power stations, in which a vast amount of coal is the burnt on a daily basis.

Some measures can be taken to mitigate the problem of over-consuming Earth’s resources. The most practical measure at the moment is to reduce the demand for resources in developing countries. This can be done by mass-producing energy-efficient products, such as hybrid cars, and selling these items at a low price to citizens of these nations. If such a measure is implemented, these people may still benefit from the modern living standard without over-consuming natural resources. Besides, the most sustainable solution is to lower the reliance on natural resources by taking advantage of alternative sources. For instance, wind and tidal power in the Netherlands, nuclear power in Japan and solar power in the United States have all proven their efficiency in energy production. These forms of energy should be used in other parts of the world as well, to minimise the global dependence on fossil fuels.

All the existing data provides a concrete foundation that the overexploitation of natural resources derives from the strong demand in developing countries and the over-reliance on these types of resources. Strong measures, such as reducing the aforementioned demand and making use of alternative energy sources, must be implemented to tackle this situation.


Nowadays, problem of natural resources’ overconsumption is being more and more alarming. There are a wide range of factors which can be considered as the major reasons of this issue. In this essay, both causes and some solutions will be outlined and discussed.

In recent years, people around the world are more aware of natural resources’ preservation, however, not many of them know that some main causes of this situation are being from human beings. First of all, overexploitation of natural resources has evolved as the most important reason for serious reduction of these kinds of energy. Clearly, many countries, especially developing nations, are facing up with overpopulation problem, which is not only the burden on national economy but also be associated with the tremendous demand for resources using in industrial fields and households. For instance, in Vietnam, the dramatic increase in population is likely to bring about many negative outcomes, and one of which is overexploitation and overconsumption of fossil fuels like gas, oil, and coal. However, Vietnam has not had alternative resources such as wind and tide energy in Holand or nuclear power in Japan and Russia, thus people in this country are over-dependent on exploitation of fossil fuels. Besides, the over-reliance on natural resources and not having any other update technological measures for conservation of energy form nature, are another significant factors for people to deal with. If a developing country like Vietnam is able to have another renewable resources such as solar energy or tidal power, it can be widely believed that the dependence on natural sources will reduce significantly.

To tackle this situation, some feasible measures are came up with and implemented in some nations. The most practical method should be carried out at this time is that people should properly reduce the consumption of natural resources. For example, they can use heating systems run by electrical source or solar energy instead of using gas or coal. Using public transports, for instance, can be an effective and efficient method to restrict the number of private vehicles, which are significantly consuming a large amount of natural resources. Meanwhile, governments in developing countries should spend a proportion of their national budget on investment in alternative energy’s systems, which are consider to help decrease the over-reliance on fossil fuels and other natural resources.

In conclusion, some reasons why the consumption of the world’s resources is increasing at an alarming rate are exactly defined. To mitigate this problem, it is necessary to combine both responsibilities of individuals and governments’ interference in all over the world.




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